In the watch world, there are many different styles, brands and types of timepieces. This week, we’re going to look at chronograph and chronometers.

The chronograph translated literally means “time writer” — a mix of the Greek word “chromos,” meaning time and “graph,” meaning writing.

A chronograph is a specific type of watch that is used as stopwatch combined with a display watch.

A basic chronograph has an independent sweep second hand. It can be started, stopped and returned to zero by successive pressure on the stem.

Close to Perfection

A chronometer’s mechanical movement is close to perfection, so the time it displays is almost always accurate (unlike other self-winding or automatic watches). Therefore, it carries a premium price over non-chronometer watches.

The 15 days of rigorous tests conducted by the COSC include testing its performance under different temperatures, different positions and even under water.

In layman’s terms, a chronometer designation is given to a watch that has the highest standard of precision. That designation is given to both automatic and mechanical movement watches, not ones that run with quartz movements.

A watch that is categorized as a chronometer has passed vigorous testing demanded by the Swiss Official Chronometer Control (COSC).

A chronograph designation is often confused with a chronometer one, though they are completely different.

A chronograph is basically a watch with stopwatch capabilities. It displays different counters or mechanisms for measuring elapsed time. Counters can register seconds, minutes and hours.

This gives its owner the ability to time anything they want.

A Watch of Flight

President Dwight D. Eisenhower, a renowned watch collector, had ordered that with the evolution of space exploration by NASA, all test pilots and astronauts would be required to wear a chronograph.

On April 15, 1970, just 56 minutes after launching and 200,000 miles from Earth, an explosion occurred aboard Apollo 13 that crippled the shuttle and resulted in what NASA believed was going to be the certain death and loss of Apollo 13’s three astronauts and the capsule they were flying blind in.

As the world watched and waited helplessly gripping the edge of their seats, two days later, on April 17, 1970, the astronauts returned safely to earth, thanks to the Omega Speedmasters they were equipped with due to Eisenhower’s order.

buzz-aldrin-wearing-omega-495x400
Buzz Aldrin wearing his Omega Speedmaster
omega_speedmaster_moonwatch_ad_560

Today, the majority of commercial, civilian and military pilots wear chronographs, on the off chance their systems fail and a simple mechanical watch is needed to save them and any other souls on board their aircraft.

Chronographs Still Popular Today

The chronograph continues to be one of the most popular and sought after watches, yet it is also one of the most underutilized and misunderstood complications. 

While an exceptional number of young men under 40 specifically seek out chronographs, studies show that the vast majority of these consumers either don’t understand their intended use, don’t know how to operate the function, or simply never use it.

As with any complication, it can significantly increase the price of the timepiece in comparison to its base model, but unlike many other complications, the chronograph in addition to a date function is one of the most frequently usable features found on a wrist watch today.

chrono02
images-1

Typical “Complex” Chronograph Movement

As you can see from the two movements listed below, there is nothing “simple” about a chronograph movement. Lots of  levers, springs and very precise parts go into making a great mechanical movement.

wakmann-dive-chronograph-watch-valjoux-236-movement
patek-philippe-chr-29-535-ps-q-in-5204p

Popular Chronograph Models

vintage-omega-speedmaster-pre-moon-495x400
Omega Speedmaster
seiko_flyback-automatic-chronograph_cal-_7016_monaco
Seiko Flyback Chrono
download
Breitling
a-lange-sohne-double-split-chronograph-900x578
seiko_automatic-chronograph_cal-_6139_mit_gelbem_zifferblatt_die_sogenannte_pogue_seiko
Seiko “Pogue” automatic chronograph
4518d1a51ae10b97fd9f74dd06ebdbf1
Rolex Daytona

Mark Sirianni Watch Repair
25 Fraley Street
Kane, Pa. 16735
814-837-9435
814-558-4818 (cell)
watchdoctorpa@gmail.com

CHARLEY PHOTO OF THE WEEK: At least someone is enjoying the Pennsylvania snow. Here, Charley takes a break to roll around in the snow during one of her morning walks.